Monsoon marks the end of dry and hot weather and brings relief from the scorching heat of summer. It is the season when we sometimes love getting wet and like to feel every raindrop that falls from the sky, but the sudden change from dry climate to wet one makes us vulnerable to many diseases and hence, monsoon INVITES a lot of HEALTH PROBLEMS with it.
The most common diseases predominated in case of Nepal are,
All these health issues are not prevalent in all areas of Nepal. For instance, diarrhoea is more common in Kathmandu due to unmanaged sewage disposal methods and drainage system whereas Terai is at a higher potential risk to be affected by vector borne diseases such as malaria and kala-azar. The elderly and the children below 5 years of age are more prone to be victimized by the same.
In the past year alone, 7,882 people lost their lives to diarrhoeal diseases, accounting to approximately 4.83% of the total disease related deaths in Nepal. Likewise, influenza and pneumonia took toll of 10,535 people (i.e., 6.45%). More of such deaths still remain unrecorded, but many could be prevented through proper health and hygiene practices. And if not prevented, they could have been treated and cured with timely diagnosis and medication.
Before knowing the ways to safeguard yourselves from these health issues, this monsoon, let’s find out how to identify them!
Common Symptoms to all Conditions:
- Joint pain
- Sudden fever
- Chills and headaches
- Nausea and vomiting
- Throat irritation
- Runny nose
Preventive Tips for Your Well-being This Season:
- Drink only clean and purified water as a precaution against water borne diseases.
- Use separate hand towels, handkerchiefs and hand sanitizers to avoid the transmission of flu.
- Keep your clothes dry to avoid fungal skin infection.
- Use mosquito repellents and nets.
- Consuming ginger is beneficial in monsoon as it has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties and is effective in combating cold and cough.
- Taking cold or hot shower after getting wet could be useful to get rid of dirt that sticks to the body.
- The water pollution coupled with unhygienic environmental factor makes monsoon best breeding season for bacteria so sticking to freshly cooked, home made food would be helpful.